Rescuers were scrambling on Tuesday to save 270 whales stranded off the coast of the Australian island of Tasmania, amid fears that about a third of the animals had already died.
Scientists said the long-finned pilot whales became stuck on sandbars at Macquarie Harbour, on Tasmania’s rugged and sparsely populated west coast, on Monday.
Images from the scene showed shallow water thick with the large slick-black mammals manoeuvring for space.
Nic Deka, manager of Tasmania Parks and Wildlife Service, said marine specialists and rescuers were trialling efforts to determine the best rescue methods.
“We’ll be trying to free some whales this morning and if we’re met with the methods we’ve settled on, we’ll keep doing that, if not, we’ll adapt it and do different things to try and get a better result,” Deka told reporters.
Kris Carlyon, a wildlife biologist at the Marine Conservation Programme, said “about a third” of the animals were already dead and rescuing survivors would be a “challenging” task likely to take several days.
The animals were only accessible by boat, limiting the number of rescuers able to reach them, he said.
While mass whale strandings occur relatively often in Tasmania, such a large group has not been seen in the area for more than a decade.
“In terms of mass whale strandings in Tasmania, this is up there with the trickiest,” Carlyon said, adding that rescuers will focus their efforts on the whales “with the best chance”.
“Some animals may be simply too big or in an unsuitable location,” he said.
About 60 people – including volunteers and local fish-farm workers – are battling cold and wet conditions to rescue the whales. The poor weather, however, could help the partially submerged whales survive for the several days the rescue is likely to take, Carlyon said.
“It’s pretty ugly for people on the ground but as far as the whales go it’s ideal – it’s keeping them wet, it’s keeping them cool.”
The last mass stranding off the coast of Tasmania was in 2009 when approximately 200 whales beached themselves. In 2018, more than 100 pilot whales died after beaching off the coast of New Zealand.
It is not known why whales, which travel together in pods, sometimes beach themselves, but they are known to follow a leader, as well as gather around an injured or distressed whale.
“Their social groups and strong bonding between the groups causes often all of them to strand,” Olaf Meynecke, a whale researcher and Project Manager of whales and climate at Griffith University, told Reuters News Agency.